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Words: 51, Language: British English. Published: January 24, by Bluewood Publishing. The third and final book in the Seven Sisters trilogy. To avoid a painful execution, Crastus must take the purple, or die trying. As Emperor, with a job he didn't want he aquires a war he wanted even less. Faced with the daunting prospect of fighting at the Seven Sisters complex for one more time, Crastus has one more challenge. This time, it's personal!

This time, they know he's coming!

David Bowman

Carthaginian Empire 20 - Caesar Free! Words: 3, Published: August 31, by Bluewood Publishing. The tribes of Gaul have been a thorn in the side of Carthage. When a slave of Roman descent saves a Carthaginian force from defeat he is given his freedom and joins the officer corps of the army. It is 56BC and his name was Julius. Carthaginian Empire 19 - Crucify Them!

Seventy years ago the might of Carthage was brought to bear on the city of Rome. Now as Carthage focuses on troubles further abroad Rome sees the chance to rebel, the final chance to win back their freedom and their own destiny. If they lose, the savagery of the response will knows no bounds. It is BC and now Carthage intends to truly rule the Mediterranean. Surrender or be sacked. Based on a true documented incident.

There is an secret to the way the Carthaginians build galleys - built to a standard design and each piece is marked.

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You can take one apart and use it as a set of templates to build more. Rome uses a captured galley to build a fleet of ships in less than 45 days and challenge Carthaginian supremacy. Its BC and Rome takes its chance. Over several years the armies of Carthage and Rome have fought each other to bloody stalemate.

Neither can gain a decisive advantage.

When two empires meet history shows only one will stand. Persia covers more land than Carthage who controls the Mediterranean and its wealth from shore to distant shore. As the two empires confront each other in a hundred little skirmishes one will survive and one will fall.

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It is BC and if Persia falls only one small emerging state will stand in the way of Carthaginian suzerainty - Rome. Published: August 30, by Bluewood Publishing. Having conquered Egypt it is time for the army of Carthage to move north up the coast.

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First the city of Tyre stands in their way and if they can subdue the fabled island citadel then Darius is massing the largest army ever seen to face them on the banks of the gentle river Issus. A river that will run with blood before the year is out. It is BC and Carthage must fight on land and sea. Unsettled by the Persian advances into Africa and threatened by the increased Persian military presence along the East Coast of the Mediterranean from the Dardanelles all the way to Egypt; Carthage must act.

The Persians are expecting a naval attack from a naval power so when the Carthaginians strike from the desert surprise is paramount. It is BC and Carthage faces its greatest enemy yet. Words: 48, Published: December 18, by Bluewood Publishing. In an intact 9th Century Roman Empire one man has the chance to fight one battle to bring an end to civil war. To besiege the most highly fortified city in the empire, its seven forts and water defences.

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He can do this, but can he do it in time? Words: 4, Published: October 3, by Bluewood Publishing. Now he must lead a last desperate rebellion against the overlords from across the sea.

Is it still his destiny to rule or has Carthage the wit and might to destroy the dynasty before Alexander is even born. It is BC and the nexus of history is upon them. After the failed assassination Handro must act. Has Lysander truly decided to change sides? Why send a Theban? Why are there plumes of thick smoke rising from Thebes? If Lysander is dead and the Spartans have gone mad with blood lust is it time to remove this cancer from Greece? Handro is taking a well earned rest in Athens. One night a slight sound disturbs him. Is the assassin still in the room? Who is he?

Why does he want Handro dead? All is not as it seems as even his allies are turning against him. Has the whole of Greece gone mad? It is BC and Handro is fighting for his own life in his own bed while the world waits breathlessly on the victor. Handro and Carthage have won but the cities of Greece have closed their gates to him and his Spartan allies. The Spartans stormed Corinth and reduced it. Handro must avoid that fate for Thebes and Athens.

Can he destroy the powerbase states without destroying the cities? Its BC and Handro must act to prevent barbarism. Published: September 1, by Bluewood Publishing. Ten years of bitter war - the combined armies of Sparta and Carthage under charismatic leaders Lysander and Handro have the chance to end it. They must eliminate the armies of their four largest opponents. Sparta are the masters of hoplite warfare. Carthage with their sea power are masters of flexibility. Can these two actually work together and win? This is BC. Greece is in the melting pot.

The faster a ship travels, the more energy it uses. To maintain the strength of such a long craft tensioned cables were fitted from the bow to the stern; this provided rigidity without adding weight. This technique kept the joints of the hull under compression - tighter, and more waterproof. As civilizations around the Mediterranean grew in size and complexity, both their navies and the galleys that made up their numbers became successively larger.

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The basic design of two or three rows of oars remained the same, but more rowers were added to each oar. The exact reasons are not known, but are believed to have been caused by addition of more troops and the use of more advanced ranged weapons on ships, such as catapults. The size of the new naval forces also made it difficult to find enough skilled rowers for the one-man-per-oar system of the earliest triremes. With more than one man per oar, a single rower could set the pace for the others to follow, meaning that more unskilled rowers could be employed.

The successor states of Alexander the Great 's empire built galleys that were like triremes or biremes in oar layout, but manned with additional rowers for each oar. The ruler Dionysius I of Syracuse ca. Ptolemy II BC is known to have built a large fleet of very large galleys with several experimental designs rowed by everything from 12 up to 40 rows of rowers, though most of these are considered to have been quite impractical. Fleets with large galleys were put in action in conflicts such as the Punic Wars between the Roman republic and Carthage, which included massive naval battles with hundreds of vessels and tens of thousands of soldiers, seamen and rowers.

Depictions of two compact liburnians used by the Romans in their campaigns against the Dacians in the early 2nd century AD; reliefs from Trajan's Column , c. After Augustus' victory at Actium, most of the Roman fleet was dismantled and burned. The Roman civil wars were fought mostly by land forces, and from the s until the 4th century AD, no major fleet actions were recorded. During this time, most of the galley crews were disbanded or employed for entertainment purposes in mock battles or in handling the sail-like sun-screens in the larger Roman arenas.

What fleets remained were treated as auxiliaries of the land forces, and galley crewmen themselves called themselves milites , "soldiers", rather than nautae , "sailors". These were named after an Illyrian tribe known by Romans for their sea roving practices, and these smaller craft were based on, or inspired by, their vessels of choice.

The liburnians and other small galleys patrolled the rivers of continental Europe and reached as far as the Baltic, where they were used to fight local uprisings and assist in checking foreign invasions. Few actual galley battles in the provinces are found in records, but one action in 70 AD at the uncertain location of the "Island of the Batavians" during the Batavian Rebellion was noted, and featured a trireme as the Roman flagship. His rule also saw the final major naval battle of the Roman Empire, the battle of Hellespont of Some time after Hellespont, the classical trireme fell out of use, and was eventually forgotten.

Late medieval maritime warfare was divided in two distinct regions. In the Mediterranean galleys were used for raiding along coasts, and in the constant fighting for naval bases. In the Atlantic and Baltic there was greater focus on sailing ships that were used mostly for troop transport, with galleys providing fighting support.